At this time of year many begin to do the math to see if it was possible to be released before the summer kilo over swimsuits leaving evidence. And when time is short, the system loses a lot and quickly became tempting recipes. That was achieved following the letters “quickie diet” that won support among members of the political and entertainment: Amado Boudou, Nancy Duplaá and Matias Ale, among others. Divided into three stages, the first stage almost forgot about real food (except for two servings of vegetables per day), which was replaced by a protein envelope that can be made from smoothies to omelets. With this method lost between 8 and 10 kilos per month on average. What are the mechanisms of such rapid decline occur? Is it safe for the body? And the effect of recovering? Is there room for pleasure? Experts consulted by Clarin answer all these questions.
Amado Boudou was surprised recently with 17 kilos less.
Protein is the star of the moment. Plan for the consumption of foods that promote resurrection life. Thesis proteinate fasting was invented in the 70s by George Blackburn of Harvard University, provide a scientific basis for what protein diet, which consists of the right amount of protein for weight loss and loss of muscle called parallel reduction in the consumption of carbohydrates and fats. “Pronokal combine this diet has improved method of weight loss multidisciplinary team that aims to teach patients about healthy eating and lifestyle change,” said Gustavo Sojka, general manager of a local program that was born in 2004 Spain and arrived in the country on 2013, where it had tested 8,000 Argentina.
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The plan was approved to be between 18 to 70, the pancreatic previous studies that showed good renal function, liver and should, among other issues. It is a diet normoproteinada, where doctors prescribe medication consumption estimated one gram of protein per kilo of weight. That is, if the patient should reach 60 kilos, you should consume 60 grams of protein a day. How can such strict control be achieved? The key lies in sachets, which cost 50 pesos per unit: each containing 15 grams of protein with minimal carbohydrates and fats. Patients in this example, then, should eat four days at the most difficult part of the active phase, accompanied by a salad at lunch and dinner. Only that.
Alejandro Garcia, endocrinology and prescribing methods, explains: “If you had to lose 10 kilos, 8 would lose in the active phase, of those, only four in accordance with the most difficult stage and lost two or three weeks. Envelopes, more vegetables and other foods they eat. After they kilo lost first, he removed the envelope and put in a food protein (steak and salad, for example), until you lose the other 25%. And then another replaced with other proteins in foods (steak, chicken, seafood , egg salad). When she lost 8 kilos passed diet and begin to incorporate all food groups to get off the remaining two kilos, it should lose approximately twice the time it takes down the other eight. So re-educate the patient goes to food. ”
The duration of the active phase has a set time, it is governed by the kilo lowered. The more you have to lose, it will become more widespread. At this stage, details of endocrinology, a man lost between 12 and 14 kilograms per month and a woman between 7 and 10. The weight loss at this stage is given by the entry of patients into ketosis, a physiological process that occurs when eating less than 50 grams of carbohydrates per day, which is a major source of energy in the body. Given these shortcomings, the body begins to use fat reserves to get the energy you need. “But the advantage is that it produces ketosis you out of hunger. Patients lose the appetite to eat,” said Garcia.
For Monica Katz, director of career specialists in nutrition, focusing on Obesity Favaloro University, emotional risks associated with diets high. “Spare sugar lower body and each day we fill it. By not doing glucose network dependent such as the brain and kidneys or suffering from a shortage of red blood cells. It also reduces the availability of serotonin and this is a neurotransmitter that carries a good mood, impulse control and satiety . Even hydrate improve the ability to cope with stress. ”
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Ketosis can also cause symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, fatigue, headaches and bad breath, among others. Also a vitamin deficiency, so in addition to patients on prescribed protein supplements potadio sodium, magnesium, calcium, vitamins and omega 3 and 6. In this phase is also not recommended that intense physical activity. Garcia said: “Aerobic exercise uses a lot of glucose and as we did not give us a lot of carbohydrates your body will take your protein, your muscle mass. Therefore we recommend only the increase in the active or something with weight itself up out of the country.” Sojka added that “in the first phase of treatment, moderate exercise is recommended.”
One of the goals of mathematics control the amount of daily protein to consume is what allows “kidney care,” said Garcia. “One gram of protein per kilo of body weight per day is in the intake of protein recommended. Always kidneys work diet a little better with the burden of low protein, but this is not a high protein diet. In fact, we usually eat more than one gram per kilo of weight, especially for a high proportion of protein from meat. We have to eat up to 1.5, “said Felipe Inserra nephrologist who, however, did not adhere to this type of treatment. “Most professionals in favor of a more balanced diet. The diet causes ketosis one falls very quickly, but in general it is impossible to maintain over time and cause symptoms.”
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Garcia, however, argue that the rapid decline enthusiastic patient. “Whoever low weight quickly have a greater adherence to the food plan is shown, there are clinical studies that prove it. And you lose weight at the expense of more fat, which is unhealthy.”
“All the plans that you create, whether powder, shake diet is monotonous or system, whether they are low in calories and offer fewer calories than we expend produce weight loss. Obviously we would associate the power of shoes or a ring that I wear, not 800 calories per day be less than usual come to consume, “said Diego Sivori’s degree in Nutrition. “Plans Low-carb is not a scientific base long term, that’s why there is no method of recommending them for a long time, if not for the race, which will restore the food,” said the specialist believes that this could be a good point in favor of “if, after the rapid decline in weight and improvement in the clinical setting phase to respect the patient’s return to healthy eating habits. ”
However, Sivori added, “there are some practitioners who respect these guidelines. Usually they lowered kilos them and then released to the pleasure of food in large quantities or giving up early to the anxiety generated by the body or the need to be ‘like’ and eating in social situations . From these failures usually come to understand weight rebound. ”
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Pronokal treatment is carried out under medical supervision and offers consulting services of nutrition, physical activity and coaching. So Garcia stressed that the plan is more than polvito. “This is a system that is more complex and complete. What you need to do is to get patients to change habits, do not eat the same as before eating because it will weigh the same again.” For that, he said, emphasizing the rehabilitation of food and care, where the track professionals that lasted about two years after they lost weight carried. “What we have to return those you do not need to eat for pleasure, because that’s what brought the patient to have those extra kilos. We are trying to find pleasure out of food eaten in a more conscious, not eating for anxiety, depression, eating hunger, as it should be, so it is important to re-education “.
With envelopes can be prepared juices, smoothies, bread and tortillas, among others.
Inserra believes that “never ceases to be an agreement magic.” For a nephrologist, “everything can start with the re-education of food and all you have to have patience and more effort initially and wait longer, but it is a condition that is far more normal physiological levels”. Her recipe: “decrease the number of calories, physical activity, healthy living, practicing food, eat five servings of fruits and vegetables recommended by the World Health Organization. Reducing the amount of protein, especially animal, which was also accompanied by fat, I think it is much healthier these measures shock “conditions.
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In the same vein, Katz asks “Why use powder if food? So astronauts have improved their performance from consuming food and no powder.” Driving the movement there Diet and writers over the body stated that “diets that ignore pleasure can not be taken as a way of life. Therefore, they are not an option for controlling excess weight and keep it off. It can be a source of magical power for a while. Prohibition and food restriction produces shame. Instead, knowing that every day in life will have a fair share of something that we like, small daily pleasures, Decontrol low. Certain low desire “.
Meanwhile, Juan Martin Roman, nutrition specialist physician and teacher awareness, concludes: “I am confident that this plan should lose weight very successful. But of course, as the way we relate to food has a cultural component and emotionally decisive, it is clear that all efforts This disproportionate force people, sooner or later will hold stop to eat again winning food people really like, they are learning to eat food in childhood and cable is very strong. Who does not recognize the emotional value and food culture ignores the complexity of the act of eating . “